Community Information And Referral Services For Rural Areas Of Southeast Asia: A Conceptual Framework

  • Katni Kamsono Kibat MARA Institute of Technology


There is a growing recognition that library and information services must become part and parcel of socio–economic development programs. Since the majority of people in Southeast Asian countries still live in rural areas and are engaged in agricultural activities, attempts were made to reach them through rural library services. However, existing services are deemed too book oriented and hence information and referral services (I & R) have been suggested as an extension of existing library programs, particularly those services providing information on agriculture. A CAINS (Community Agricultural Information Networking System) model is proposed. The paper concludes that I & R service can help reduce the information gap between the urban and rural areas.

Author Biography

Katni Kamsono Kibat, MARA Institute of Technology
Senior Lecturer in the School of Library and Information Science, MARA Institute of Technology, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia; he is a former Dean of the School. He has an M.L.S. from Western Michigan University and a Ph.D. from the University of Pittsburgh. Dr. Kibat is engaged in research in the areas of reading interests and rural library services.