Nigerian University Libraries and the World Bank Loan
AbstractThere are 24 federal universities in Nigeria, all established since 1948; all of their funding comes from the central government, through the National Universities Commission. Nearly all of library funding is derived from their parent institutions. Following the short–lived oil boom of the 1970s, the Nigerian economy has been in crisis, with great dependence on foreign loans. In 1995 the foreign debt amounted to US$32.8 billion. University subsidies have decreased radically, and the money available to libraries has nearly disappeared. Acquisitions have halted in many libraries, except for donations; for example the University College Hospital, Ibadan, dropped all periodical subscriptions in 1985. In recent years libraries have had the benefit of loans from the World Bank, beginning with US$120 million in 1990. Funds are used for books, periodicals, and equipment. Administration of the loan has brought difficulties as well as rewards: failure of book agents to handle orders has been a major problem. Journal procurement — handled through a British vendor — brought no periodicals to the libraries for two years after the contract was approved. Libraries have had trouble in writing satisfactory orders since they do not have bibliographic tools. The overriding concern among librarians is what will happen when the World Bank loan program ceases; fortunately the government has initiated a new education tax, with a share of the revenue designated for libraries.
World Libraries allows authors to maintain the copyright of their article or to give permission to World Libraries to hold the copyright. If contributors decide to maintain copyright, a Creative Commons license allows authors to determine how their work can be used. For more information on the types of licenses available, visit http://www.creativecommons.org/.
Authors submitting a paper to World Libraries do so with the understanding that Internet publishing is both an opportunity and a challenge. In this environment, authors and publishers do not always have the means to protect against unauthorized copying or editing of copyright-protected works.
World Libraries is a copyrighted product, and all rights are reserved worldwide. Permissions to use any materials appearing in World Libraries should be directed to Questions about World Libraries.
Downloads of specific portions of World Libraries articles are permitted for personal use only, not for commercial use or resale. Educational uses of World Libraries are permitted with permission of the authors of specific works appearing in World Libraries.
World Libraries collects general information in its logs on the origins of users at the highest domain levels. Usage patterns are tracked in World Libraries to assist editors in making decisions about future content. In addition, this information is used for research on usage patterns to improve the site over time.
E-mail addresses used by World Libraries to notify readers of new issues are not disclosed to third parties.